5G plus and 6G are something we are all looking forward to as future technology. People believe that it has the power to unlock unlimited opportunities for us in every aspect of life. Many are speculating about the potency of 5G plus and 6G around the world. Several enterprises are preparing to pace with the upcoming technology changes.
But many wonder what and how India will participate in this technological revolution. Before we consider India, we have to understand that there is a difference between India as a maturing market versus a mature market, like the US.
Many still have to decode and solve the puzzle of 5G connectivity.
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One of the exciting things that’s happening around the world is the change in architecture. Since 5G requires a better intelligent architecture, RAN no longer has constraints like complex infrastructure or network proximity issues. 5G will help enterprises boost towards disaggregated, flexible and virtual RAN with new interfaces, which will help scale better. Due to better connectivity and extra bandwidth, the companies will get a chance to explore the edge and use additional bandwidth for growth.
Whether it’s a rural or urban setting, education or automation, 5G will immensely affect every aspect of our lifestyle. The fundamental change that 5G is about to bring is the change in networking style. It will affect human and machine interaction invariably.
With a promise of fast data transmission (10Gbits/s), it will enable the companies to work efficiently. 5G is promising for industries due to these reasons:
a. Massive broadband/bandwidth
b. Efficient connectivity.
c. Connecting multiple machines to a machine or a massive machine to various machines easily.
5G will bring a lot of changes. But it will primarily affect the world’s new economy. Due to high connectivity, the global economic value will increase. There will come a time when connectivity won’t be limited to laptops and phones. 5G will affect verticals and scales, like the scale of virtualisation, cloudification, etc. And with a vast network capacity, 5G will enable enterprises and companies to have more creativity, networking and systems. It will drive socio-economic growth primarily in every industry. Today’s CSPs have an opportunity to become digital service providers in future. There is also an opportunity to be more than a connectivity partner. They can become a partner for an enterprise that will lead to the digitalisation of the dream. Even the Indian Government is taking steps to enable the 5G installations, which will help new revenue streams.
But with a new Spectrum for 5G in India, we need new policies, pricing and infrastructure. Without an excellent, well-designed infrastructure, 5G won’t be efficient at all. This infrastructure includes installing optical fibre installation, which will boost the connectivity higher than the network’s current speed. Proper networking infrastructure is crucial for 5G connectivity.
Many renowned players are already taking steps towards building the infrastructure incrementally. Well, many are using the existing spectra to test and create guidelines for the future.
Questions like “What will decide the traction of 5G? Who are the customers? How do customers relate to the word “5G”? How do customers feel about 5G? What are their perspectives?” will help us solve the kind of language that needs to be implemented as a brand. It will help the customers to understand and relate better.
From an architecture viewpoint, there will be many operational changes. It will be different than 2G, 3G and even 4G. Most of the Telcos are thinking to introduce an “Open-Rent structure” where we won’t have a single OEM. But the entire structure will be decided by who agrees to provide the hardware and software.
But to progress and integrate the new upcoming changes, companies of every industry must have a thought process or rough guidelines on how to consume the extra bandwidth and the latencies of current technology. For example, if you run a logistics service, you have to consider all the services you offer and determine how to use the extra bandwidth to optimise the services.
It is an essential change in every industry. Every company needs to take a break to determine its existing architecture and ways to upgrade it. They also have to determine their position in the market and utilise this extra bandwidth for their future growth and expansion.
Let’s be honest, and if anything makes money, it will also drive the prospect of technology. Technology will never progress if it doesn’t act as a perfect solution to problems. It thus generates money and helps drive the progress of technological innovations. You do not have to make an effort to sell the technology because it will significantly impact its mass production if it is potent enough. India is known to solve a lot of socio-economic problems through technology. And it still aims to solve more significant problems with exceptional solutions through technologies like 5G in the coming days too!
A company needs to survey to understand if its current architecture is compatible enough to integrate with the new foreseeable changes. If not, what kind of tweaks does the existing architecture needs to work without any hindrance. You have to choose the architecture but also need to consider the kind of consumers you want. Also, you need to check if your service providers are currently ready to serve your needs or not. That’s important before you decide on the architecture. A bigger section of the community will be connected with 5G soon. We can make a positive statement that 5G will affect and change the current communication landscape more than we understand. We will see a lot of progress in the AR-VR industry as well as in the Gaming world. 5G will be acting as a primary influence in 3D content, 3D printing, drones, etc. Many are already developing automation technology that will work with 5G in industries like agriculture, soil-irrigation, etc.
It does sound interesting, right?
The conventional telephonic operation has changed a lot. But the whole paradigm will change with the implementation of 5G. It will also act as the last step to move away entirely from 3G and 2G services. Before we implore any further on how 5G will affect the consumers and industries, we have to understand that Consumer Architecture and Enterprise Architecture are distinctively different. We have to ensure that these two prospects should not loop in with each other. Yes, one is indeed interlinked with another, but until we keep these two verticals separate, we won’t implement technologies properly. Consumer behaviour is quite different from enterprise behaviour because the goals and needs are different.
It is high time to double click on the enterprise architecture since it will act as a bigger vertical in the future’s economic landscape. We shouldn’t wait to implement the 5G spectrum or the infrastructure, but companies should start planning and do the small bits from today. It will help in easy integration of the current system with the new one hassle-free.
One of the tenets of the machine to machine communication is that it ensures that everything can be connected, should be connected and must be connected. And 5G promises to amplify this notion significantly. Because once a machine is associated with the vast network, whether it is 2G, 3G, 4G or 5G, it becomes easier to analyse, rectify, implement and deploy in real-time, making our lives easier. For example, in a country like India, with a population of 1.393 billion, it is tough to map delivering vaccination. But it became possible to keep a record and follow it on a real-time basis due to massive machine connections and proper internet connectivity. This proved that better internet connectivity would also affect authorities like traffic control, law and order, health, etc. So, 5G looks promising and surely will improve many things in life significantly. India needs to create a benchmarking exercise to ensure that the quality is not sacrificed. The future is open with massive potential for each one of us. It’s going to create waves in every industry globally, which will change the current business pattern.